It’s a beautiful cloudy day today I’ve
been out in the garden looking for specific plants something like this
they’ve got their own pups and I’m thinking of separating them now if you
stick around we’ll talk about this a bit more this is yet another entry in my
propagation series of videos and as you’ve guessed from my opening earlier
we are going to talk about pups specifically when and how I remove the pups
from the parent plant I’ve still got lots of upcoming content for this
propagation series so if you don’t want to miss out make sure to subscribe or
follow depending on the platform that you’re watching on in the context of
this video i’m referring to pups as the small plants that grow as offsets from
the main stem and as you can see clearly all of them are attached to the main
stem somehow there’s a few reasons why you would want to separate the pups from
the main plant but before we get to that let me explain to you when not to
separate them yet let us take this embossed gem for example as you can see it
has several pups along the stem and this is a prime example of when not to
separate them yet because right now they’re still too young and they won’t
be able to survive on their own they will just end up drying really fast
cause right now they won’t be able to support themselves without roots and
they’ll be forced to grow roots before doing anything else
so it’s best to leave them alone at this stage and now moving along here’s a few
reasons why I would consider separating them from the main stem we’re going back
to this embossed gem for this first case and again as you can see we’ve got lots of
pups along the stem very tiny pups and then there’s this large offset right
here as you can see it’s got its own stem it’s still connected to the main
plant though but I believe this is mature enough to be able to sustain
itself and the other thing is if you look closely at this pup it seems like
it’s not getting enough sunlight it’s starting to stretch it’s getting leggy
the newer growth is so pale the leaves are starting to droop clearly it’s not
getting enough Sun however I can’t just move this entire pot into a sunnier
location cause these smaller pups here we won’t be able to take it yet so
separating this large pup from the main stem makes sense to me for two reasons
the first one as I just mentioned it’s the different light requirements and the
second reason is if I remove this large pup here then the main stem would focus
all of its nutrients on the smaller plants this means that
smaller pups here would be getting a boost since this larger one here won’t
be taking from the resource pool anymore the next case would be something like
this as you can see the echeveria fire and ice here has a pup on the long stem
and as the pup grows it’s starting to shift a lot of weight towards this
side making the parent plant lean towards this direction if I let this go
on for long enough then the parent stem would be bent too far and to start
shrinking I think the correct term for that is atrophy or a trophy I’m not
sure how to pronounce it but in any case the main stem will suffer because once
that happens the flow of nutrients along the stem would be affected there’d be a
reduced flow and it might even lead to rot so both of these plants would suffer
if I let this go on too much bending will lead to trauma on the main stem and
it is for that reason why it’s a good idea to remove this pup another case of
why you would want to separate the pups is if you have them in a pot and it’s
getting quite crowded then of course there’s going to be a reduced airflow and
the underside would be staying moist for longer than it should as you know it’s
perfect conditions for fungus to grow and there are two ways to go about this
first of course you could re-pot this place this in that bigger pot if you
want to keep the aesthetic but otherwise another thing you could do is to remove
the larger pups make sure you remove the large ones cause the smaller pups which
still stand to benefit from being connected to the main stem they’ll be
growing faster that way and basically you’re just de-congesting the plant and
finally another reason why you want to separate them now is if you intend
to sell them and you would want them to keep a nice shape then separating them
would be a good idea because if you leave them here under the parent plant
and let them grow they would be pushing against the parent plant and either the
parent plant or the pups would be deformed and you wouldn’t want that for
your showpieces so as soon as you see them to be mature enough to be able to
sustain themselves then you could go ahead and pluck them from this pot I
think this this and this these three only these three are mature enough to be
separated I’m going to keep this one for now there’s a few more pups underneath
that are still quite tiny and let them stay on the parent’s stem for as
long as they can this is an example of a pup with a long stem this is an
Echeveria “Dick’s Pink” and I chopped it off from the parent plant very recently
I think it was just a few days ago this was the left of the stem when they got
it as you can see it’s quite long you can usually it as is if you want
the stem is still fairly green which means that it’s going to be vigorous if
you want to give it the best chances to grow roots and be healthy then you make
sure to chop off closer to the plant because this part of the stem would be
more vigorous and in this case since I’ve chopped this off I would need to
give it some time to dry out and callous over so I think I’ll be giving it a few
more days I usually allow them 3 to 4 days in my
climate to dry out it might be different in other climates but as soon as
enough time has passed then I would be planting this in its own pot and I wouldn’t
start watering it until maybe 2 weeks from now
this is a pretty young plant so I’m pretty sure that would be pushing out roots
really soon you might have seen this in the previous video basically I gathered
lots of pups from my echeverias out there and stuck them in this pot to make
a little mandala of some sort but I’m basically doing here is let them grow
their own roots and once they have established I could either sell them or
reuse them in some of my other landscapes the sun is out now and I think
I’d go out and harvest more pups and here’s all of the pups that I
harvested so far I think I need to point out that I’m doing this in my spring
time so for those of you in the northern hemisphere as you’re heading into winter
really soon I think you shouldn’t do it now the reason I bring this up is
because echeverias actively grow during the warmer months it’s getting pretty warm
down here in Australia and by doing all of this separation chops and whatnot
it doesn’t really matter because they are actively growing which means that
they’re going to be pushing out roots really soon otherwise if you’re going to
do this during the colder months they might be entering dormancy if not
already dormant and in that case they won’t be spending any of their energy
towards growing roots if you are not careful if you keep watering them then
they might end up rotting and dying so word of caution and that’s it for this
episode about pups and hopefully in a few months they become well established
and I can sell some of them except for the elegans because I’m definitely
going to reuse this in my landscape and I’m a hoarder of echeveria elegans so I’ll
see in the next episode bye special