Welcome back, guys to Hateful English with
Tricky Teacher! In previous issues we discussed general rules
how to use articles and I told you my 2 secret rules “How to understand quickly which article
you should use” and my second rule “A cat and its tail ”. So today, I’ll tell
you in what other situations we must use articles. And is it possible to remember these rules
easily? So…if you are ready, let’s get it started! Firstly, don’t use THE with PLURAL or UNCOUNTABLE
nouns if you are talking about something IN GENERAL, for example, “Dogs are very clever”
– we don’t say “THE dogs…” because we mean ALL dogs, IN GENERAL. But if you remember my first secrete rule,
that we use THE only with something CERTAIN, so you will never put THE in this sentence,
because we are not talking about CERTAIN dogs. Another example, “WATER is very necessary
for PEOPLE.” – we don’t say “THE water…” because we don’t mean CERTAIN water we mean
water IN GENERAL – all water in the world and we don’t say “THE people” because
we are not talking about CERTAIN people, we mean ALL people in the world. But if you say “THE dogs of my sister are
very clever”, you must use THE, because now you are talking about CERTAIN dogs, THE
dogs of your sister. Or if you say “The water in my glass is
cold”, you must use THE because you are talking about CERTAIN water in your glass. So use THE with PLURAL and UNCOUNTABLE nouns
when you talk about something CERTAIN. Let’s train a bit: “I don’t like … coffee
” – what should we use? 1,2,3 The right answer is “I don’t like
coffee” without THE, because you don’t mean CERTAIN coffee, you don’t like coffee
IN GENERAL! But if I say: “I like …coffee which my
wife makes” – what should we use? The right answer is “I like THE coffee
which my wife makes” – because now I mean CERTAIN coffee which my wife makes. The same way we use when we talk about CERTAIN
groups of people, for example, the deaf, the blind, the disabled and so on. So, let’s go to the second rule. When you talk about nationalities, you should
say THE French, THE Japanese, The Russians, but if you want to say French PEOPLE, don’t
use THE. For example, “Japanese people are very kind”,
but “The Japanese are very kind” or “The Italians are very stylish” but “Italian
people are very stylish” – without THE. Just remember this rule. Thirdly, when you talk about COUNTRIES, like
India, Canada, Finland and so on, we don’t use THE, but if in names of countries you
see STATES, FEDERATIONS, KINGDOMS, REPUBLICS and so on, we must use THE, for example, THE
United States of America, but America. THE Russian Federation, but Russia, THE United
Kingdom, but Britain and remember one more THE Netherlands, but Holland, because the
full name of THE Netherlands is the Kingdom of the Netherlands. And usually we don’t use articles with towns
and cities but with the capital of the Netherlands The Hague [heɪg] – you should use THE – The
Hague [heɪg]. And let’s go to the fourth part. This part includes a lot of rules, but I’ll
tell you how to remember all of them easily. So, use article THE with oceans and seas,
island and mountain groups, with deserts, rivers and channels and also with names of
hotels, museums and art galleries, cinemas and theatres. How to remember it? Just imagine that you are on a plane going
on holiday and you see THE OCEAN with THE SEA in the middle, THE GROUP OF ISLANDS connected
with THE CHANNELS, then you see THE GROUP OF MOUNTAINS with THE flowing RIVERS. And then you see THE small DESSERT with THE
HOTELS, and places where you can go and see something, in particular, THE MUSEUMS and
THE ART GALLERIES, THE CINEMAS and THE THEATRES. Just imagine this picture and you will recall
all rules. But we usually don’t use THE with continents
(South America), countries (Italy) states (Texas), counties (Yorkshire [‘jɔːkʃə]),
provinces [‘prɔvɪn(t)s] and so on. With cities, towns, except for The Hague [heɪg],
individual islands, mountains and lakes, then roads (but if you see numbers with motorways
or numbered roads use THE, like the M5 or the A23), bridges, streets, parks, shops,
restaurants and schools, universities, hospitals, churches and prisons. How to remember? Imagine that you are from Texas came to Europe
to Italy, you are driving along roads and bridges, see lakes and mountain Mont Blanc
[ˌmɔːn’blɑːŋ], towns and cities with streets, you see students from schools and
universities spending time in parks, shops and restaurants, also you see elderly people
in hospitals and churches, and you see criminals in prisons. So these 2 rules will help you remember practically
all difficult situations about articles. And right now Tricky Teacher and “The tip
of the week”! As you see, articles is one of the most difficult
topics with many rules and exceptions. So, if you want to remember these rules for
all your life, I recommend you to put them in special programs for memorizing words such
as ANKI, SuperMemo, Open Cards and so on. And “The question of the week!” How do you memorize articles? Maybe you use some poems or songs or just
do a lot of exercises? Share your experience in comments, I’ll
be waiting. So in next issue I’ll tell you my complete
rule about “Comparative adjectives”. So if this video helped you – push the “like”
and if you wanna get fresh videos – ring my bell! Thanks for watching, guys, see ya next week!