We are gonna do something different tonight, we’re gonna, be looking at material that will be quite damaging to Islam. And that’s the whole intention. I make no apologies for that. I spent thirty years confronting Islam. Twenty years in London doing it weekly, at this place called speakers corner. And one of the things that comes up over and over again, Is the problem concerning Muhammad and the Quran. Those are really the two pillars of Islam. Islam falls if the Quran is not true. Islam falls if Muhammad is not a prophet. And as I said this morning, we fall if the Bible is not true. Christianity falls if Jesus is not God. So on the same token, we ‘re gonna be asking these questions concerning Islam, what exactly, who exactly who is Muhammad. And what is the Quran. Where did it come from. So let’s go ahead, now, just so you know. Everything that I put up on the screen is on PowerPoint. I’ll will be following the PowerPoint. That will be available on the Church websites, so you can pull it down. Any of you can have access to this website. Don’t feel you have to write or keep up with me, I go to fast. But let’s go ahead, and let’s see what the Muslims claim. What they claim is first of all; that Muhammad is the last and the greatest prophet. They would say that all the other prophets that came before, everyone of them had problems, therefore, God finally gave his final revelation to Muhammad, he is the greatest, the seal of all prophets. They will say that the Quran was his revelations, sent down only to him. And as the final and greatest revelations, so every other book that has gone ahead has been corrupted. And so when you look at this two books, they will say this book (Bible), though we call it a revelation has been corrupted, this comes and seals it (Quran). It is the final revelation. If there’s any contradiction between these two books, this one (Quran) always is the one that abrogates the other (Bible). And that’s found in two references in the Quran, in Surah 106 and Surah 16:101; That which we give mansukh, we give something better nasikh. Nasikh abrogates the mansukh. So if there’s any contradiction, this is mansukh (Bible), this is nasikh (Quran). This is what destroys (Quran) the (Bible), according to Islam anything that disagrees with the Quran. Therefore Islam is the final religion, based on Muhammad’s life and sayings, which is known as the Sunnah. Everything he did, everything he said is the Sunnah. He is the example, for all peoples, in all places, in all times, and the Quran, his teachings. Now; Conclusion, Islam is therefore completely dependent on both Muhammad and the Quran. So, lets go ahead and investigate both Muhammad and the Quran and see if indeed the Muslims are correct. This is what Muslims have told us and this is what I’m gonna do now is just look at the classical account; what do Muslims say concerning Muhammad. First and foremost they say that he was born in 570 that he then got a revelation from a angel, Jibreel while he was in the cave, just north of Mecca. Jibreel comes to him while he’s meditating and says Iqra, recite. And his response was I cannot recite. He was squeezed and then the angel repeats the same order, that happened three times. Finally the angel lets him go, he goes back to Mecca, tells the story to his wife Khadija, she then gives a test to him and he passed that test and then she goes and tells her cousin, what had happened and Waraqa bin Naufal then: the cousin of Khadija who was a Christian stipulates that truly he is a prophet, so it’s the ironies of history that the person that actually gave the pronouncement as Muhammad as a prophet was a Christian. This is according to their account; In 610 then, those revelations started coming and if you look at the Quran and you just basically put it in half. Now this one, this Quran, because it’s in Arabic, it starts from the right and goes to the left. So, If you just split it in half, the first part of the Quran are what we know as Medinan, the second would be Meccan. The name of the two cities where he lived. So this would be Meccan, though it’s the latter half of the Quran this is Medinan, though it’s the first half. Confusing isn’t it. Just turn it upside down and you get the right sequence. But that basically says that this part the latter part was revealed between 610 and 622, the first 12 years. In 621 he was woken up in the middle of the night told to get on the back of the winged horse called Buraq, there in Mecca, and he flies up to Jerusalem where in Jerusalem on the rock, where the Dome of the rock is built, he then ascends the seven heavens and meets Allah. Allah tells him to pray fifty times a day. He says ok, comes down two heavens to the fifth heaven, he meets Moses. Moses says how many times did he tell you to pray, and he said, I was told to pray fifty times, he said no, go back up and see if you can get it down. So he goes back up to the seventh heaven gets it to forty-five, comes back to Moses, No, still to many. So he back and forth bouncing between Allah and Moses, and brings it down from forty-five to forty to thirty-five to thirty down to fifteen down to ten, finally to five prayers. Once he gets it to five prayers then Moses said ok, that’s enough. So it’s Moses that actually stipulates how many prayers, Muslims are to pray a day. Comes back down then to Jerusalem, gets back on the Buraq: the winged horse and flies back to Mecca. That’s called the Mi’raj. That happens in 621. In 622 then, he then moves from Mecca up to Medina, that’s called the Hajj; the exodus, with about eighty, some say as many as two-hundred followers. And that is because of the problems he’s having in Mecca. And then from 622 to 632, the last ten years of his life, he receives the Medinan material which is all the first part of the Quran. This material here. Now there are some Meccan references in Medinan and there’s also some Medinan in the Meccan but rule of thumb, that’s Meccan, that’s Medinan. Then at 630 he then goes into Mecca and he takes over Mecca. He then controls all that central part of Arabia; called the Hajj and he dies in 632 suddenly, some believe he was poisoned. From 632 to 634 Abu Bakr then takes over, rules for two years. He dies peacefully. From 634 to 644 Umar then takes over, and he is one of the ones that moves out and starts confronting and basically conquering many of the great cities of the Levant. He conquers Basra, he conquers Baghdad, he conquers Damascus, he conquers Jerusalem and he conquers Cairo. So the five great cities of the Levant are now under Arab control. You notice I’m saying Arab control. Not Muslim, you would see why. That happens under the time of Umar. So by 642, the five great cities of the Levant are now under Arab control. 644 to 656 Uthman then takes over and Uthman, the third Caliph is important because it is he that actually compiles the Quran. It is he that’s given that responsibility, he realizes that there were a number of different variations of the Quran so he tells Zayd ibn Thabit who was the secretary of Muhammad to then re-write the Quran and to correct it if it needs to be if there’s any difficulty then to use the Quraish dialect and he’s given three other men to help him and the four of them re-write the Quran and create what he know as the canon of the Quran that’s when the Quran was finally written down, 650 Eighteen years after Muhammad. The Quran had not been written down when Muhammad died. It was finally written down at the time of Uthman. Very Important. 650. Keep that date in your head. 650. Mid seventh century. He is then killed and then Ali comes to power and rules for only five years. Ali is the adopted son of Muhammad. As far the Shiites are concerned the real only legitimate heir to Muhammad. Now that period is known from 622 or 624 up until 661. That roughly forty year period is known as the Rashidun period. That is the rightly guided Caliph period That is the beginning of Islam. That’s the golden period of Islam. That’s the classical account. Now I’m just giving you bare bones, just a skeleton view. There can be many other things I could of added to the story. But that’s what Muslims have been telling us, for fourteen-hundred years. Wait a minute. Not fourteen-hundred years. I correct myself. Twelve-hundred years. Why do I say that? Has anybody heard any other account? That’s really what you have been taught, is it not? That’s what your taught in your schools. That’s what all the Muslims are taught. And in every school around the world this is the classical account. And there’s been no reason not to doubt it because there’s no reason for us to assume that anything else has happened, or it could be any different. However take a look and see where’s it we get that account from. Most of you probably don’t know that everything we know about Muhammad himself his life is written down in what we call the biography. The life of the prophet of god. The first man to write it down is Ibn Ishaq. And you can see up there on the… let me just get this thing working, I hope I can get it so I don’t blind myself, here we go, That’s Ibn Ishaq right there. Look at his dates. 765. 765. The first biography that we have of the prophet is not written down till 765. He (Muhammad) dies in 632. Can you see a problem. The first sayings we have from the prophet, the sayings are the Hadiths. These are enormous amount of material. Six hundred-thousand Hadiths, were given to a man named Al-Bukhari. Al-Bukhari dies right here (870). I’m sorry, let me just get this right. 870 AD The first Hadith were written down by an Oh let me back up, hold on a minute, did I say Ibn Ishaq, is the first one to write down his biography, that’s true but we don’t have any of Ibn Ishaq material. We’re dependent on this man right here Ibn Hisham 833 He was a student of Ibn Ishaq. He then takes what Ibn Ishaq has given him and he throws out what he doesn’t like and only retains what he likes. So the only thing we know about Muhammad comes from Ibn Hisham. His date is 833, Muhammad died in 632. Can you see the problem. The first sayings, six hundred thousand akbars that are given to Al Bukhari he used them to wiggle away that which he doesn’t like he takes it from 600,000 and retains only 7,397 so he throws out 98% of it, only retains 2% of it and that 2% are the nine volumes we have of Al Bukhari. You can go online and read them. But that is done in 870, that’s 240 years later. Then you want to talk about the tafsir To understand this book you need commentaries and the commentaries are first written down by Al-Tabari, Al-Tabari is right there 923. The first tafsir was have, written by Al-Tabari. Now many other tafsir’s that come after that but the first one is Al-tabari 923 tenth century. So put this in perspective. Everything we know about Muhammad, all his life, everything that happened, how Islam began over here, doesn’t get written down till over here. 200 to 300 hundred years later. Does that bother any of you? That should bother all of you. 200 years of what? Why did it take 200 hundred years to write down his story? Why did it take over 200 years, 240 years to write down his sayings? And where did they get it from? Who are these people? did they ever know Muhammad? Not one of them knew Muhammad. Al-Bukhari from Uzbekistan, Uzbekistan is in present day Iraq. Al-Tabarit from Tabaristan, that’s in present day Iran. These were people that lived hundreds miles away and hundreds of years later. So, what were they dependent on? Well, they were dependent on what we know as oral tradition. Now, lets look at Jesus. Jesus we know has a biography written in fact, not just one biography, we know of four biography’s written about Jesus’s life right? Matthew, Mark, Luke and John. We know that three of them were written within forty to fifty years of his life. We know one John wrote much later, about sixty years. But we know that John was a eye witness to everything he wrote, was he not? Matthew was also a eye witness to everything he wrote. And Mark and Luke got it from the eye witnesses. So you have four testimonies, four biographies of Jesus Christ written either by those who were with Jesus or those who got it from those with Jesus. We know that all the New Testament was written by the first century. Can you see the difference? We’re dependent on thirty to forty years of oral tradition based on the very eye witness example of the people that actually wrote it. Islam is dependent on 200 to 300 hundred years of oral tradition. Can you see the problem? As a comparison If we were to impose on the person of Jesus Christ what Islam is now finding out about their prophet we would have nothing about Jesus written from within Christian sources. until the third century. Can you imagine us getting up here, can you imagine Jack being about to speak and talk about Jesus authoritatively, if everything he was dependent on only began to appear in the third century we wouldn’t know who Jesus was, and why would we trust it? Yet this is something Muslims have not acknowledged. So, the western world especially the secular scholars, are now asking two things, and their coming up to two supersessions, Islam as we know it they say did not exist in the 7th century but evolved over a period of 200 to 300 hundred years and the Quran probably was not revealed to one man in 22 years, but likely evolved over a period of fifty to a hundred years, their conclusion; the history of Islam, at least from the time of caliph Abu Malik, he ruled from 685 to 705 and before is a later fabrication. Now that’s a huge amount to say, but we’re gonna prove that now tonight. We’re gonna show you why that’s so damaging and what we’re now finding. Their concern is this; If so much of the history of early Islam was written down so late, then why did it take so long to write it all down? Were these people not literate? Yes they were! Remember, by 642 they had taken over Basra, Baghdad, Damascus, Jerusalem and Cairo. Could people not read and write at Damascus, Jerusalem, Cairo, Basra, Baghdad? Were these not great metropolises? did they not have a library in Alexandra that was destroyed by fire in the fifth century? Certainly these people can read and write. But more than that, they started moving right across North Africa, by 661, they had taken much of North Africa, they started moving the other direction towards India, and by the end of the 7th century, by the time that Abu Malik comes to power they controlled all the way from Spain in the west to India in the east. Are you suggesting no one can read and write in any of those countries? And the Muslims themselves tell us that they can read and write, because where in the world did this book come from? (Quran) It’s a book. It has words, letters written down. According to Islamic tradition it was written down by