[Cheery, upbeat music starts.] Dr. José Ramon Urbez Torres: Grapevines host many different pathogens. Among all these different pathogens, viruses are some of the most important because they cause significant economic impact to the industry. We are focusing our research on two main viruses. Grapevine Leafroll Virus and Grapevine Red Blotch Virus. Hans Buchler: Much of the research that is being done that has actually improved the situation for us is the ability to very quickly diagnose viruses. Dr. Sudarsana Poojari: Our lab is capable of detecting more than 24 different virus species. We can analyse as many as 96 samples in a matter of 20 minutes. Dr. Tom Lowery: In order to properly manage these viruses, we first of all have to understand how the virus spreads into and within the vineyards. It’s often introduced in the nursery material. Often another route is through vectors. The vectors can carry virus into those plantings. The vectors we have for Leafroll Virus are the Cottony Maple Scale and the European Fruit Lecanium Scale or Grape Mealybug. Ultimately we want to manage the vectors. Carl Bogdanoff: One of the reasons a virus is so bad is it can’t be cured and year after year, the symptoms get worse and worse and worse. So, a healthy, normal vine, a vineyard would last maybe forty years or so whereas a vineyard that has Leafroll would probably last half as long and in those last five-ten years of its lifespan, the yields are a lot less and the quality of that wine gets less and less. Dr. José Ramon Urbez Torres: We are working together with many different growers who actually give us access to their vineyards and allow us to conduct our research in their vineyard blocks. We are trying to transfer to the industry the importance that these viruses have on their vineyards. Hans Buchler: The collaboration we’ve had with Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada has been fantastic obviously. It makes a huge impact on where the industry is going. [The upbeat modern music fades out.]