– [Curtis Smith] Patrick Quirk, cactus horticulturist at the Desert Botanical Garden in Phoenix shows us how to safely
and properly transplant a cactus. Patrick, it looks like you’re doing something important here. – [Patrick Quirk] Well, I’m going to plant
this large and unwieldy cactus. – This looks like a large one. Sounds dangerous though. – It might be. But if you’re careful
and use the right tools, you should be fine. Starting with, to handle something so
tall and difficult as this, is an old piece of hose that
was no longer serviceable for water. So you can cut ’em up into lengths and carry large cactuses of any particular description with that. – Okay, I can see if you try
and hold it just by the pot, there’s a good chance
it’ll tip back on you. So this keeps … – It definitely will. This allows me also to hopefully prevent some of these stems from
breaking in the process of transplant. – So it’s safety for you. And safety for the cactus. – Right. I don’t want it to be half the size when I’m done than when I started. – Right. Let’s see how it’s done then. – Okay. First I want to point out also that for handling smaller pieces — – [Curtis] Oh, okay. – these beaker tongs are excellent for handling stems of this size. And these little hot dog tongs are excellent for handling little stems of this size. – [Curtis] Oh. – You can also use these
in cactus handling. So now I presume it’s time to begin. – Let’s plant. – All right. Now grab this and this. – Okay, okay. – Now I have to remove the bucket. And I’ll do that by simply loosening it. All right, here it comes. Okay. Now. This is a soil ball. The roots are well involved
in the whole thing. This is a soil ball
made up of mineral soil. If this were made of an organic soil, I would have to clean all the soil off the roots, dry them out, and plant them later. Because you can’t have two
incompatible types of soil or the plant won’t make it. – I think this is really interesting. Other plants you don’t dry out. But this one you clean it, then you dry it. – Yes. The cactus roots have
a self healing quality which is useful in that respect. So the next thing I have to do now is to loosen the roots in the soil ball so they’ll engage with
the soil successfully. This is not difficult. – [Curtis] Like shampooing. – Just massage it up a little. Break off some of the top here. Now, here we go. The moment of truth. As we raise the flag. – [Curtis] And your garden
hose is extremely handy. – Yes. – I think some people would
be tempted to plant it deeper than it was before. – No, it’s always good to plant your plant be they succulent trees like this one, or ordinary trees and shrubs are woody. It’s always important to retain the same soil level as original. Now, I’ll firm the soil. This is very important that the soil be firmly tamped for stability and so it can engage. And then finally, take your shovel and do this to be sure to get rid of any large air pockets. And then just fill in and of course, rake it up. And dress it in any way you like. This cactus is a cactus called Stenocereus standleyi, which originates on the
warm Pacific coast of Mexico so I planted it in this location due to the fact that
this is a warmer section of the garden near the buildings and it will therefore rise tall and droop over a little bit without obstructing the
view of other plants. – Patrick, thank you very much. – Thank you.