Good morning everyone and welcome to today’s webinar titled The New Child and Adult Care Food Program Meal Patterns. This webinar is presented by the Pennsylvania Department of Education, Division of Food and Nutrition, in collaboration with Project PA. I’m Elaine McDonnell, coordinator of project PA and I will moderate today’s webinar. Just a few housekeeping pieces of information. You may have noticed there are handouts available in the file share box in the upper right hand corner of the screen for you to download if you’d like. You’ll find the slides available in two different formats. The document that says CACFP slides is 1 slide per page. CACFP handout is three slides per page with room for notes. And then there are also two other handouts available: a PDE memo and a grain-based desserts list. Just a reminder if you are logged in multiple times you will most likely experience some audio problems and you can tell if you’re logged in twice if you have a 2 after your name, so you’ll just need to log out once if you are logged in multiple times. We will be taking questions at the end of the presentation today. You can type your questions in the chat box in the right hand corner of your screen. I see that some of you have already found that chat box. You can type in your questions at any time throughout the webinar and we’ll collect the questions and have the presenters answer the questions at the end of the webinar. We are recording today’s webinar and we’ll post the audio from the webinar, along with slides, the handouts, and the QA on the Project PA website about a week or two following today’s webinar. So with that, if you just bear with us for a minute, we’re going to pull up our presentation for today and I will turn it over to our presenters from the Pennsylvania Department of Education, Jennie Edmundson and Kathleen Hiltwine. Okay. Good morning everyone, welcome to today’s webinar. We are here today because this past spring the United States Department of Agriculture, or the USDA, released the final rule titled Child and Adult Care Food Program Meal Pattern revisions, related to the Healthy Hunger-Free Kids Act of 2010. This final rule updates the CACFP meal patterns for the first time since the program originally began in 1968, so we have quite a few changes to review today. Please note that the changes we will be discussing must be implemented beginning October first of 2017, so a little less than a year from today. Before we get started I want to remind you again that you may enter your questions in the text box at any time throughout the presentation and we will be happy to address those at the end. Okay, we will begin by offering a brief timeline leading up to the changes made to the CACFP meal pattern. We will summarize the changes made to the meal patterns for each age group. So, infants children and adults. We will review Pennsylvania’s implementation plan. So, what you can expect in terms of early implementation of the regulations, and future trainings on the regulations, in preparation for the final rules implementation date of October first of 2017. We will touch on some additional provisions mentioned in the final rule, and we will review important resources available to you, as operators, to help make learning the regulations and transitioning to the new meal patterns as easy as possible. And then, again, we’ll conclude our presentation by answering any questions that you may have. So that’s just a look at what’s in store for you during today’s presentation. Just a little bit of background: The Healthy Hunger-Free Kids Act of 2010 require the USDA to promote health and wellness in childcare settings via guidance and technical assistance that focuses on overall wellness-nutrition, physical activity, etc. Specifically, it required the USDA to review the CACFP meal patterns and to make them a bit more consistent with the Dietary Guidelines for Americans and the most current nutrition science. As I mentioned before, this is the first major revision of the CACFP meal pattern since the program began back in 1968. So, as you can imagine, nutrition science has evolved quite a bit since since then. We have therefore quite a bit of change to discuss today. The changes that are made are designed to help ensure children and adults have access to healthy balanced meals throughout the day. Under the new meal patterns, young children and adults in daycare will receive meals with more whole grains, a greater variety of fruits and vegetables, and less added sugars and solid fats. And, you will notice an increase in support for breastfeeding mothers. These changes are consistent with the Dietary Guidelines for Americans and other federal nutrition programs such as the National School Lunch Program and the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women Infants and Children, which we refer to as WIC. Before jumping into the new meal pattern requirements I want to quickly go over the development process of the final rule and the implementation date. Here is a simplified illustration of how we got to today: The proposed rule was published a little over a year ago. It was then open for public comment. Thousands of comments were submitted, analyzed, and researched if necessary. And then, taken into consideration when developing and publishing the final rule. The final rule was published this past spring, on April 25th, and it establishes an implementation date of October first of 2017, giving operators plenty of time to prepare for implementation. All right, so let’s get started with reviewing changes to the infant meal pattern. Under the current infant meal pattern, we know there to be three age groups. This will change beginning October first of 2017. The final rule separates the infant meal patterns into two separate infant age groups: 0 through five months of age, and six through 11 months. These updated infant age groups are consistent with the infant age groups in the WIC program. Additionally, the updated infant age groups will help delay the introduction of solid foods until around six months of age, and this is important, as most infants are typically not physiologically ready for the introduction of solid foods until midway through their first year of life. Allowing solid foods to be served when the infant is developmentally ready, better accommodates infants varying rates of development, and allow centers and day care homes to work together with the infant’s parents or guardians, to determine when solid foods should be served. Centers and homes should be in constant communication with the infant’s parents or guardians about when and what solid food should be served when the infant is in its care. Here is a chart that overviews the new infant meal patterns for breakfast, lunch, or supper, and snack. You will see throughout the charts that the minimum serving sizes for all solid foods begin at zero. This is, as I mentioned, because the new infant meal pattern allows for foods to be introduced when the infant is developmentally ready. So once that infant is developmentally ready for solid foods, solids are required, and do become part of a reimbursable meal for that age group. And it goes without saying that they must be prepared so that the texture and consistency are appropriate for the age and development of the infant that’s being fed. Okay, the new meal patterns allow cheese, cottage cheese, and yogurt to credit as meat alternates for six through 11 months of age for breakfast, lunch, and supper. Because cheese foods and cheese spreads are generally higher in sodium than regular cheese or cottage cheese, the final rule does not allow the service of these foods under the infant meal pattern. The final rule also allows whole eggs and not just the egg yolks to credit towards the meat or meat alternate component for infant at breakfast lunch and supper. In order to be consistent with the National Academy of Medicine’s recommendations and the WIC program, the final rule eliminates juice from the infant meal pattern. Lastly, the current meal pattern allows parents or guardians to supply all but one of the required components of a reimbursable meal. But starting October first of 2017, parents or guardians may only supply one component of a reimbursable meal. This change was made to ensure that centers and day care homes are not encouraging parents to supply the food in order to reduce program costs. Moving on to snack for infants, the final rule allows ready-to- eat cereals to be served as a grain at snack for infants 6 through 11 months of age as they are developmentally ready. If operators choose to offer cereal as part of a snack for infants six to 11 months, they may choose to offer ready-to-eat cereal or iron-fortified infant cereal. Ready-to-eat cereals offer to infants and older age groups in the CACFP are now subject to a limit on sugar. The final rule requires that ready-to-eat cereal served contain no more than 6 grams of sugar per dry ounce. And we’ll discuss the sugar limit in greater detail when we review the child and adult meal patterns later on in the presentation. The updated meal pattern requires that centers and day care homes serve vegetables and fruits at snack from infant 6 to 11 months of age. Again, if the infant is developmentally ready to accept them. As I mentioned before fruit juice is no longer allowed for infants, and these requirements were established in an effort to help children develop healthier eating habits as early on as possible. For infants consuming solid foods, fruits and vegetables must be cooked, smashed, and pureed as needed to the appropriate texture for the infant’s developmental stage. Okay. To strengthen the CACFP support, and encouragement of breastfeeding, the final rule allows providers to being reimbursed for meals when the mother directly breast feeds her infant at the center or day care home. For infants birth through 11 months of age, this is consistent with other efforts such as WIC. And that concludes the infant meal patterns. We’ll now begin our review of the new child and adult meal patterns. Okay, under the current child meal pattern there are three age-grade groups. I’m sorry three age groups for one through two years old, three to five years old, and six through 12 years old. The final rule adds a fourth age group: 13 through 18 years old. This age group applies only to after school or at-risk after-school programs and emergency shelters participating in the CACFP. A child care provider may not claim reimbursement for meals served to his or her own children that are over the age of 12. The final rule does not require larger portion sizes to be served to 13 through 18 year olds because meal reimbursements for this age group remain unchanged. Through guidance in the future USDA will make recommendations for serving meals to children 13 through 18 years of age that build on the meal pattern requirements just to ensure that this age groups nutritional needs are being met. And this is a topic we hope to address more in greater detail later this year. Okay, fruits and vegetables. The final rule establishes a separate fruit component and a separate vegetable component at lunch, supper, and snack. The intent of this new requirement is to promote the consumption of fruits and vegetables as recommended by the dietary guidelines, and to better align the CACFP with the National School Lunch Program. We realize that identifying what is considered a fruit or vegetable may be slightly confusing, especially because various cultures may identify fruits and vegetables differently. USDA has released guidance addressing the fruit and vegetable components in the CACFP and a memo titled Vegetable and Fruit Requirements in the Child and Adult Care Food Program: Questions and Answers. This memo is available in PEARS Download Forms. We’ve created a new CACFP meal pattern section on Download Forms where we’ve kept all recent guidance released by the USDA since the final rule was published back in the spring. So you can find this this memo there. You can also find it on the resources file towards the end of our presentation today. Later in the presentation, we will talk a little bit about a resource that may be new to some of you and it’s called the Food Buying Guide for Child Nutrition Program. The food buying guide provides crediting information for fruits and vegetables and other components, and will be a helpful resource to operators when determining how fruits and vegetables will credit towards the meal pattern. Okay this chart here summarizes the portion size requirements for the separate fruit and vegetable component, under the new meal pattern, for each age group, for lunch, supper, and snack. This chart was taken directly from a USDA resource that we’ve linked, or not that we’ve linked directly to, but we’ve linked to the page that it can be found at the end of this presentation. So just a quick guide to provide a bit more flexibility when operators are menu planning. The final rule permits the option to serve two vegetables at lunch and supper instead of one vegetable and one fruit. So, for example, a sponsor may be interested in offering both broccoli and carrots at lunch, which would be permissible, because it is a variety. They’re two different kinds, However, serving two varieties or two servings of carrots would not be permissible, because a variety must be offered. All right, juice. 100% juice can be part of a healthful diet, we realize. However, it does lack dietary fiber found in other forms of fruit and when consumed in excess juice can contribute extra calories. The final rule limits the service of fruit juice or vegetable juice to just one serving per day for children one year and older, as well as adults. So, for example, if you would like to offer apple juice with breakfast that would meet that one time requirement so juice cannot be served again for snack, lunch, or supper later that day. Okay, I apologize ahead of time. This slide, although there’s just two bullet points, it’s lengthy, so bear with us. Under the grains component, the final rule requires at least one grain per day to be whole-grain rich. Because Americans typically under consume whole-grain the new whole-grain requirement, which will help this, is intended to help children and adults benefit from the important nutrients that whole- grains do provide. So what is a whole- grain rich item? whole-grain rich means a food contains at least fifty percent whole-grains and the rest of the grains are enriched, or that food contains one hundred percent whole-grains. You will be using the Nutrition Facts label and ingredients list to determine whether an item is whole grain-rich. There are also other easier ways to determine whether a product is whole-grain rich, such as searching for a certain picture or designation on an item’s packaging. And we’ll discuss this a bit more on our next slide. A whole-grain rich item is only required when grain items are served. So, if the center or day care home serves only breakfast, that grain items served at breakfast must be whole grain rich. If an at-risk after-school program serves only snacks a grain item is not required to be served because grains is not a required component of snack. We’d also like to clarify that the requirement that one whole-grain rich item be served per day applies to the center or day care home, not to each child or adult participant. So, in other words, if a center or day care home serves breakfast and lunch and two different groups of children or adults are at each meal only one of those meals must contain a whole-grain rich food. Okay, so we’d like to make you aware of these easier methods you can use in finding whole-grain rich products. This includes just simply checking the packaging or labeling of an item for two specific or two designations which you can see on this slide, on the left hand side, you will see the Food and Drug Administration’s whole-grain stamp. If you see this stamp on an item’s packaging, it means an item contains at least 8 grams of whole-grains per serving, and is considered whole-grain rich, as long as the other grains in that product are enriched. On the right is a CN, or Child Nutrition label. A CN label is a USDA authorized method of informing child nutrition program operators on how a product contributes towards the meal pattern requirements. So, if a product is whole grain rich, the CN label may contain this information for you. We will discuss the CN labels in greater detail later on this year. I’d like to note that since not all whole-grain rich items will have these two designations that you see on the slide becoming familiar with how to determine whether a product is whole-grain rich using the Nutrition Facts labels and ingredients list is very important. S,o using the Nutrition Facts label and ingredients list, a grain may qualify as being whole-grain rich when a grain item is or whole-grain item is listed as the first. I’m sorry, I want to repeat that. So, using a Nutrition Facts label and ingredients list a grain item may qualify as being whole-grain rich when a whole-grain is listed as the first ingredient, and the rest of the grain ingredients are either whole-grain or they’re enriched. Enriched means nutrients that were lost during the food processing have been added back to that product. If the remaining grains are unenriched, the food item does not qualify as being whole-grain rich. If a whole-grain is not listed as the first ingredient, except for instances where water is the first ingredient, and a whole-grain is listed second, the item likely does not qualify as being whole- grain rich. Okay, grain-based desserts. Consumption of added sugars has been found to be particularly high in children, and the dietary guidelines identified grain-based desserts as sources of added sugars, as well as solid fats, such as saturated and trans fats. For this reason the final rule disallows grain-based desserts from counting towards the grain component. Some examples of grain-based desserts include cookies, cake, sweet pie crusts, fruit turnovers, doughnuts, granola bars, toaster pastry, sweet rolls, and brownies. Providers or operators may still choose to serve grain-based desserts as an additional food item that is not reimbursable. For example, during celebrations or other special occasions. The new regulations define grain-based desserts as those foods in Exhibit A of USDA’s Food Buying Guide for Child Nutrition Programs and they are donated by a superscript three or four. Exhibit A, which is something many of you may not be familiar with, is a chart found on pages three dash 15 and 3 dash 16 in the green section of the Food Buying Guide which is available online. The slide shows a snip of the Exhibit A chart with the superscript indicating some grain-based dessert highlighted in yellow. They’re small, but you can see them. To make it easier for sponsors, PDE has compiled a list of grain-based desserts from Exhibit A which is available as a handout of today’s webinar in the top right-hand corner. And it’s also available in PEARS Download Forms under the new CACFP Meal Patterns section. As the October 1, 2017 implementation date approaches, USDA will be reviewing and updating the Food Buying guide for Child Nutrition Programs as it’s necessary, based on the final meal pattern rule. One of the upcoming changes to be updated in the food buying guide is the way serving sizes for grains will be measured. In the CACFP under the final rule, the final rule uses ounce equivalents to determine the minimum serving sizes for the grains requirement. So an ounce equivalent is the amount of food product that is considered equal to one ounce from the grains component. The change to ounce equivalents ensures that the CACFP grains component reflects current nutrition science, and is consistent with the dietary guidelines, My Plate, and the National School Lunch and School Breakfast Programs, which all currently use ounce equivalents. USDA understands that this requires an operational change and CACFP centers and daycare homes will need time to become familiar with ounce equivalents. Therefore, USDA is delaying the implementation of ounce equivalents until October 1, 2019, two years after the other meal pattern requirements must be implemented. Because of the later implementation date, PDE will provide further details and guidance to sponsors on this change to ounce equivalents at a later time. Okay, and now I will transition the presentation over to Jenny. Thanks, Kathleen. The new meal patterns reduce the amount of allowable sugars in breakfast cereal. Cereal served in CACFP will contain no more than six grams of sugar per dry ounce. This new sugar limit is consistent with the WIC program sugar limit on breakfast cereals, which will be helpful for operators when identifying cereals that meet the new standards. There are two ways to check whether a cereal meets the sugar limit established in the final rule. The first way requires the sponsors use a little bit of math. You will need to look at the Nutrition Facts label on the cereal box and locate the grams of sugar per serving that is listed toward the bottom of the table. You’ll divide the number of grams of sugar by the number of grams contained in one serving. If the serving size is listed in cups, you’ll typically see the serving size listed in grams in parentheses, right next to it on the same line. If the calculation gives you an answer of 0.212 or lower then the cereal has no more than 6 grams of sugar per dry ounce and it may credit in the reimbursable meal and CACFP. We’re going to go through an example here to show you. So the Nutrition Facts label shown here shows down near the bottom, a circle there, that this breakfast cereal contains seven grams of sugar per serving. At the top we see that one serving equals one and a quarter cup or 33 grams. To determine if our cereal is within the new sugar limit we simply divide 7 grams of sugar by 33 grams in one serving. Our result is 0.212 which means that this cereal is compliant and may credit in the reimbursable meal under the new meal pattern. The second, and even easier way to find out if a cereal has no more than 6 grams of sugar per dry ounce, is to review any state agencies WIC-approved cereal lists for the current year. Many grocery store shelves include some type of label identifying the WIC approved cereals, such as the one shown on the screen. Because WIC cereals are required to contain six grams of sugar or less per dry ounce they all meet the new sugar limit for cereal served and CACFP. This slide shows some examples of cereals that meet the new sugar limit. There are also many store brands and different varieties of the cereals that are shown here that also meet the sugar standards. For a more complete list of compliant cereals we’ve provided the Pennsylvania WIC website at the bottom left of the screen and if you go to that website the link to the current WIC food list is available down near the bottom of that website. Okay, moving on to meat and meat alternates. Meat and meat alternates are good sources of protein, and a variety of vitamins and minerals. To increase centers’ and day care homes’ choices when planning menus, the new meal patterns allow meat or meat alternates to substitute for the entire grains component at breakfast, up to three times per week. In addition, the new meal patterns allow the use of commercially prepared tofu and soy yogurt as meat alternates. This allowance will offer greater flexibility when planning menus, and help CACFP providers to better serve the dietary needs of vegetarians and culturally diverse groups. Finally, the new meal pattern requires that all yogurts served in CACFP contain no more than 23 grams of sugar per six ounces. Food and taste preferences, including preferences for sweet foods, are established at a young age, and requiring a sugar limit on yogurt reinforces that yogurt can be part of a healthful diet with less added sugar. Fortunately, yogurts containing no more than 23 grams of sugar per six ounces are widely available in the marketplace. Many of them do not contain artificial sweeteners, and these yogurts do not cost more than other yogurts with more sugar. The table provided on this slide can be used to help providers easily identify yogurts that contain no more than 23 grams of sugar per six ounces. We’ll show you a couple of examples on the next slide using the Nutrition Facts labels from some yogurt containers. Near the top of the Nutrition Facts label we see that the serving size of this yogurt is one container, which equals 113 grams. Looking at the chart, we see that a 113 gram or four ounce serving of yogurt can contain a maximum of 15 grams of sugar. Near the bottom of the Nutrition Facts label next to the blue arrow it shows that this yogurt contains 12 grams of sugar. Therefore, this yogurt meets the new sugar standard for yogurt and is reimbursable under the new meal patterns, because it contains less than the maximum allowed, which is 15 grams. In this next example, the serving size is one tube, with equal 64 grams. From the chart, we see that the maximum amount of allowable sugar for a 64 gram serving is 8 grams of sugar. When we check the Nutrition Facts label we see that this yogurt contains 10 grams of sugar. Because this is greater than the allowable 8 grams, this yogurt is too high in sugar and is not reimbursable under the new meal pattern. Okay we’re going to move on to the fluid milk component. Most of you are already familiar with the milk fat requirements for fluid milk served in CACFP as these requirements were originally put in place in 2011 in a memo from USDA. These requirements specify that whole milk must be served to one year olds and low-fat or fat-free milk must be served to all CACFP participants two years of age and older. The final rule permanently includes this milk policy into the CACFP regulation. In addition to the current requirements to the type of milk that can be served to each age group the new meal patterns add restrictions on flavored milk starting October 1, 2017. The new restrictions on flavored milk help to reduce the consumption of added sugars, and offering milk with fewer added sugars may be especially helpful for young children to develop healthy eating practices early in life. This slide lists the requirements for fluid milk and CACFP under the new meal pattern. For one year old children, the new meal pattern required whole unflavored milk as recommended by the National Academy of Medicine. For two to five year old children, all milk must be low-fat or fat-free, and as with one year olds, milk for two to five year olds must also be unflavored under the new meal pattern. For children six years of age and older, and adults, the allowable options are unflavored low-fat milk and flavored or unflavored fat-free milk. So to review, the big change is that the new meal patterns allow only unflavored milk to be served to children ages one through five years. and for participants six years of age and older low-fat milk must now be unflavored, and fat-free milk can be either flavored or unflavored. There are some additional provisions regarding milk under the new meal pattern. For adults only, yogurt may be served in place of fluid milk one time per day. USDA is not extending the flexibility to children, because fluid milk provides important nutrients children need, including vitamins A and D, and comparable quantities of these nutrients are not found in currently available yogurt. Lastly, the allowance for nutritionally equivalent non-dairy beverages for special dietary needs in CACFP, which is already part of CACFP policy, is now made part of the federal regulations under the final rule. The final rule prohibits centers and day care homes from deep fat frying as a way of preparing food on-site. USDA defines deep fat frying as cooking by submerging food in hot oil or other fats. Centers and homes continue to have a lot of flexibility in how they choose to prepare meals and the final rule allows them to continue sauteing, pan frying, and stir frying foods. In addition, purchased foods that are pre-fried, flash fried, or par-fried by the manufacturer are still allowed as long as they are re-heated using a method other than flying. There are several additional provisions in the new meal pattern. The new meal patterns prohibit the use of foods and beverages as a reward or punishment. Children often develop habits that can last into adulthood, and providing food based on performance or behavior can establish a lifelong habit of rewarding or comforting oneself with foods. Instead, a wide variety of alternative rewards other than food, such as a sticker chart or a special game or activities can be used to provide positive reinforcement. Current CACFP policy requires making drinking water available to children throughout the day upon their request. Because some CACFP participants, such as toddlers, cannot verbally communicate or do not know how to ask for water, providers are also required under the new meal patterns to offer water to children throughout the day, and this simply means asking the children whether they would like water at different times throughout the day. For very young children this may require visual cues such as showing the cup or picture while verbally offering the water. The third additional provision allows parents, or guardians and adult participants, or a person on behalf of the adult participants, to provide one meal component for children or adults with non-disability medical or special dietary needs. For example, a parent may choose to supply an allowable soy milk for a child with lactose intolerance. Practices already in place, that centers and day care homes must follow when serving family-style meals, are now included in federal regulations. And finally, the final rule extends offer versus serve to at-risk after school programs. This improves consistency among CACFP, the National School Lunch Program, and the Summer Food Service Program. So now that we have completed our overview of the new meal patterns under the final rule, we will discuss the implementation plan, technical assistance, and resources for the new meal pattern. As we stated several times throughout the webinar, the implementation dates for the new meal pattern is October first 2017. On that date, CACFP sponsors, centers, and day care homes, must comply with the new meal pattern requirements. Early implementation of the new meal patterns that conflict with the current meal patterns is not permitted in Pennsylvania. However, PDE encourages sponsors to adopt allowances in the new meal pattern that do not conflict with the current meal patterns as soon as you are able. Doing so will help to ease the transition for sponsors, parents, and program participants. In a memo dated October 22nd 2016, Vonda Cooke, State Director of Child Nutrition Programs in Pennsylvania, outlined allowances for early implementation of the new meal pattern. The memo was emailed to program operators and is available on PEARS Download Form, and also as a handout with this webinar. This slide lists just a few examples of allowances in the final rule that sponsors can start implementing immediately. Sponsors again are encouraged to adopt these practices and the other new meal pattern practices that align with the current meal patterns as soon as they are able. Again, this will allow time for adjustments to the changes. The PDE memo that I mentioned a moment ago includes the full list of allowances that sponsors are encouraged to be implementing as soon as you are able, as well as PDE contact information if you have questions. So again, this is only five of them listed here but there are many more in the memo. In the spring of 2017 PDE will conduct mandatory in-person training on the new meal patterns at various locations throughout the state. These trainings will include an in-depth presentation of the new regulations and other program requirements, and an opportunity for sponsors to ask questions. Please continue to watch for emails and announcements from PDE in the upcoming month and check PEARS frequently. Since the publication of the final rule on the new meal pattern, USDA has released a number of memos providing further guidance of some of the new meal pattern to be implemented on October 1, 2017. New meal standards, excuse me. These memos and future policy memos from USDA and PDE will continue to be posted under the new CACFP meal pattern section on PEARS Download Form. Sponsors should continue to watch for emails and new postings on PEARS Download Form as information continues to be released both before and during implementation of the new meal pattern. USDA guidance on the new meal standards will be integrated into PDE’s in-person training next spring. USDA has a webpage dedicated to the new CACFP meal patterns which includes helpful charts and side-by-side comparisons of the current and new meal pattern. You can navigate to the meal patterns page from USDA’s main CACFP web page by clicking on CACFP meal patterns on the side menu indicated by the red arrow. This slide shows you what the CACFP meal patterns page looks like and also provides the direct link to the meal patterns web page at the bottom of the screen. When you scroll down on this web page you’ll find links to one-page summaries of the new meal pattern, new meal standards, charts for infants children and adults, and other guidance and technical assistance from USDA. As we wrap up this part of the presentation we want to thank you for your time and attention, then use CACFP meal patterns lay the foundation for healthy eating patterns and sponsors have a critical role in shaping the health of upcoming generations of children, as well as providing nutritious and healthy meals to all participants in CACFP. Forthcoming resources and trainings will provide the tools needed so that together we can successfully implement the new meal pattern questions. I’m going to turn this back over to Elaine. Thank you. Thanks Jenny, and thanks Kathleen. And I think now we’re ready to go to questions and I welcome you all to continue to type any questions that you have in the chat box.