I’m on a mission to live a more
sustainable life so far I’ve looked to the future of my fridge but now it’s
time to dig a little bit deeper and look specifically at meat it looks like meat and apparently it
tastes like meat but instead of grazing open pastures this stuff was grown in a
lab cultured meat could be produced with up to 96 percent lower greenhouse gas
emissions 45% less lucid energy 99 percent lower land use and 96 percent
less water than making conventional meat the world’s first cultured burger was
created here back in 2013 and they are changing the shape of the future first a
small biopsy is taken from the muscle of an animal in the case of our hamburger
it’s a cow technicians will then dissect the tissue and extract Myo satellite
cells which are muscle stem cells these are cultured by placing them in a growth
solution containing amino acids and carbohydrates and are allowed to grow
just as they would inside an animal the trillions of newly grown muscle cells
naturally merge to form my own tubes tiny muscle fibers which have been
placed in ring of gel that acts a bit like scaffolding for the developing
tissue the muscle cells natural inclination to be tracked causes them to
start 40 in bulk and will eventually grow into smooth
that can be layered together molded into a hamburger there are some people who
will find the idea of making meat in a laboratory a little bit of Frankenstein
like to sci-fi for them to handle yeah what do you think to that yeah of course
it’s it’s totally new so people would think different things then and ask now
here so yeah I think they just need to try then to see if they like it it’s
it’s like real meat has anyone tasted it yeah a few people how expensive those
burgers that must have been the most expensive burger ever meant yes yeah
250,000 euros for one hamburger and like maybe four six seven people based from
it two hundred and fifty thousand euros yeah but one burger and seven people got
to try it yeah around that so do they have a ketchup tomato sauce I’m taking
us on a hamburger made like a hamburger on that I’m Brad that okay does the
process require genetic modification at all no no no no we don’t do any genetic
modification okay we just want to have the stem cell from the muscle and we let
it do what it can do and that’s it Wow and thank you so much for letting us
see this no problem would you eat it yeah would you well cultured meat truly
is fascinating but part of me wonders if it’s ethical we talked to Professor
Julien’s a burlesque about his paper on this they’re number of problems currently
with in vitro meat firstly the cost it’s about nine times more expensive at the
moment secondly their safety the the meat has to be grown from stem cells on
a fetal layer and theoretically there are problems with infection it could
also change the way we view animals and our relationship with animals
it could instrumentalize further the view that animals are just there to
produce meat and and lastly philosophically it raises this deep
issue that it will radically reduce the number of animals there won’t be twenty
billion domesticated animals they’ll be far fewer it could you know further
industrialize the whole process of meat production a little bit like the
pharmaceutical industry is industrialized the production of
medicinal substances it could also have massive advantages to climate change and
use of resources it could be much more efficient than factory farming and
thirdly it could be much better for human beings because it’s more efficient
you could feed more humans and potentially you could make the product
much healthier than current meat alternatives well that certainly gives
us some food for thought as to what the future of lab-grown meat might look like
here they’ve just got a tiny hamburger patty that I didn’t get to try but does
it stop there the next nature network in Amsterdam
have done a lot of research into this so much so they’ve even written a cultured
meat cookbook I don’t know how I feel about this yet but I’m going to find out you have taken that idea of cultured
meat and you’ve gone that one step further and you’re thinking about the
possibilities what could that mean in the future why deliberately indeed
because when I stepped into this space I saw scientists working on while
growing meat without having to slaughter an animal and it’s more sustainable more
animal friendly it’s it’s promising but they were making the same burgers and
sausage that we already know they scare in front of us some of the result of the
meet the future project took me through some of these and I’m going to start
with this one in this is the knitted meat indeed the knitted meat if it’s too
difficult to 3d print an entire steak but you could make thin threads and yeah
you might have this future habit in the kitchen that you are knitting the meat
and then you can knit your yeah mistake I want to talk about these two here so
this is supposed to be bowling well you we envision that you would 3d print a
bone marrow egg which done also you put in a soup and it gives this nice meaty
flavor into your soup this one is similar but also different these are the
bone utensils if you eat meat and you know some to eat from the bone it’s this
primitive feeling of eating meat okay there’s the other kind of yeah
what’s the what’s the idea behind it these are the celebrity cubes so here
the idea is that yes you can make meat from cells of a pig a chicken a cow okay
but human cells you can technically you can do it so if Justin Bieber Lady gaga
Usain Bolt if they’re willing to donate some cells we could grow them into a
nice snack that’s terrifying the thought that actually technically we could do
that yes culture human meat yes because it
has this association with cannibalism yeah that we don’t want to go there no
but then again yeah yeah you’re not hurting anyone
you just get take take a few cells and then it grows so I think also this shows
that the new technology forces us to take our position again to have a new
philosophical position towards yeah what’s the ethics what’s the new
morality with the new technology but perhaps there’s a much simpler
solution I’m visiting the center of alternative technology in Wales to meet
an Owen and discuss meat alternatives do you think for us to live a sustainable
future we have to cut meat out maybe we are eating too much meat maybe we don’t
need to eat meat stop eating meat all together but we can just eat less meat
okay a little bit like in the 50s where meat was a treat and you had it for a
Sunday roast yeah you have beans yes why why are there great alternatives to me
because they are so versatile I mean look at it on a nutritious level as well
yes so they are high in protein but also fiber yeah so they will help fill you up
and they’re a good source of carbs good source of complex carbohydrates and what
about growing them is that something that anyone can do yes absolutely yeah
easy-peasy why could I do it in a windowsill could I grow them yes you can
grow them because there are varieties that favor is short and you’ve got
varieties that will go up a wall so you take your pick
you know versatile and there’s gonna be a being out there for you absolutely
what do we have here well it looks like we’ve got a hummus which is most likely
made from far for beans fava bean hummus okay and this I think is a is a
guacamole made out of peas yes not your usual mushy peas no okay right I’m gonna
taste this see how it is very good and what you’ve got here is a chili with
what looks like butter beans but it’s served on a bed of quinoa
now this quinoa is also grown here in the UK
if you think you’re feeling sustainably and you’re gonna cut meat because you
want to eat more sustainably then it’s a good idea to also become a little bit of
a locavore which means that you dry need local a lot local for a locavore
what is this one here well that is a pudding it’s a chocolate mousse and
fluffiness in there it’s been created by using the cooking
water of the bob latta vein that is flaps really that’s really good how so
this actually this is a pudding that’s quite high in protein as well there in
that case yeah and the old calorie I would imagine if I could replace all the
meat in my diet with that chocolate pudding I’d be happy that’s my favorite
alternative so there you go we’ve won you over to find out more about living
sustainably you can watch the rest of the videos in this series and don’t
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