Welcome to HealthiNation. I am Sharon Richter,
Registered Dietician. As a health professional, I work with my patients on what they can do
to maintain a healthy diet. But sometimes we need to know what NOT to do or eat. And,
when you have very high triglycerides…there are certain ingredients that you should avoid.
You may know some of them … like sugars and fats. In this video, I’ll reveal the
primary foods to avoid and explain why they are on the “Do Not Eat List” when you
have very high triglycerides. When we have very high triglycerides, we have
too much fat in our blood. That fat comes from the foods we eat, and our bodies can
also make it from the extra calories in our diet. So it’s important to watch what we
eat. The first ingredients on our Do-Not-Eat list
are certain fats – we call these “bad fats.” Trans fats are one of the worst fats
out there, so avoid these completely. On labels, they may be hiding under the name “hydrogenated”
or “partially hydrogenated” oil. Fried foods, shortenings, and commercially processed
junk foods may contain trans fats. The good news is the food industry has cut
way back on its use of trans fat. In fact, trans fats are banned in some places. Unfortunately,
manufacturers often substitute saturated fat for trans fat. Saturated fat is also a “bad
fat” – read labels and limit, for example, foods with tropical oils. These include coconut,
palm and palm kernel oils. The American Heart Association recommends that no more than 7
percent of your daily calorie intake should come from saturated fat. No problem…there’s lots of “fat-free”
foods in the grocery store, right? Yes, just be careful – these usually replace fat calories
with sugar calories. Why should this matter? Sugar equals calories. And if those calories
aren’t burned immediately for energy, they are converted into triglycerides in the body.
So you need to watch your intake. Read labels and limit foods with simple sugars listed
in the first few ingredients: sucrose, glucose, fructose, corn syrup, honey, molasses and
maltose. You’ll also need to avoid sugary drinks like sodas, fruit juice and the sugar
packets you may like in your coffee and tea. “Refined” or white breads and pastas are
all simple carbohydrates – which is a fancy way of saying sugar. These grains have had
many of their nutrients stripped away during the refining process. All of these foods are
easily broken down into sugars, then stored as fat. So, that means white breads, white
rice, white pastas are also on our “Do Not Eat” list. Now that you’ve got an idea of what not
to eat, one last word on what not to drink. Alcohol. Whether it’s wine, liquor, or beer,
alcohol can contribute to very high triglyceride levels. Alcohol adds extra calories to the
diet – which we’ve already learned can be converted to triglycerides. Alcohol actually
packs a lot more calories per gram than carbohydrates. Also, people tend to make poor diet choices
when drinking; meaning an already indulgent dinner can easily move right into dessert!
If you have very high triglycerides, it’s recommended you avoid alcohol all together.
But, as a general guideline the American Heart Association recommends no more than 1 drink
a day for women and 2 a day for men. Managing very high triglycerides with diet
can be done. But, it requires willpower and dedication. Most of all…reduce excess calories
and keep your weight in check. For some people, however, dietary changes won’t be enough.
That’s why it’s important to work with your doctor and to find an overall treatment
plan that works for you. Thanks for watching HealthiNation.