European Union European Commission, Directorate-General for Agriculture and Rural Development Strategma Agency and SECONDARY VOCATIONAL FARMING SCHOOL “KLIMENT TIMIRYAZEV”, SANDANSKI present CAP for youths WHAT’S THIS PLANT? Bulgaria is a country of wonderful conditions for plan-growing. The major crops grown here include wheat, maize and barley, sunflower and rapeseed, potatoes, tomatoes, cucumbers, vines and tobacco. There are, however, many other valuable crops that also thrive in our country. At the same time there’s the possibility to benefit from EU’s support for the growing of traditional crops like fruit-trees, oil-bearing roses, herbs and many others. Several students from the Vocational Secondary School of Agriculture in Sandanski made an attempt to identify crops of the latter kind and tell us how they might be used. Regardless of who drew what, we’ve tried to explain what we think.
made an attempt to identify crops of the latter kind and tell us how they might be used. Oil-bearing rose I’ve seen it quite a few times. I’m not sure about its use. I can say that I use it as a present and I believe that’s its major use. I know they also make extracts from it for perfumery. But from the red variety, I think. This one here looks pink though. May be the colour doesn’t matter. I’m not sure. Kazanlak rose is grown for its blossoms, which contain precious essential oils, serving as a basis for the production of the famous Bulgarian rose oil. Some years the price of Bulgarian rose oil approximates the price of gold – the reason why it is also called “liquid gold”. Apart from oil, in the processing of rose blossoms rose water is produced too, which is used in perfumery and food industry. In addition, jam, liqueur and rakia are made out of rose petals. The processed rose petals and hips are rich in Vitamin C and can successfully be used as forage. Quince It’s a kind of fruit. Few people like it, as it’s not very tasty, but it’s used in cosmetics. I’ve heard it’s very good for the skin, my grandmother says so. If is very beneficial too. When it is ripe it is tasty, but I would not try it green. I have tried and would not recommend it. The quince is native to the Caucasus and the Middle East and is believed to have been cultivated as early as 4-5 thousand of years ago. It’s a short bush-like tree with a relatively slightly developed root system. The depth reached by the roots is no more than 1 m. The quince lives for 20 or 30 years but in favourable conditions could last 40 years. The raw quince fruit is of limited importance. It’s mostly used in home food preservation and the cannery industry, mainly for jams, kompots, jellies, pectin and so on. The quince has application in cosmetics too. Medlar: I have no idea what these fruits are. They’re medlars. When they ripen, they get… they don’t look good. They look shrivelled. That’s what I thought, but didn’t dare say it. They look ugly. But when they are ripe, they get soft and their skin can be easily removed, and they taste great. There is some sort of granules inside. Are they seeds? I’d like to try them. I’ll let you know it they’re tasty or not. Medlar trees are found throughout Bulgaria, but mostly as single trees. Propagation is done by seeds or grafting onto quince or hawthorn. Grown-up trees yield 40-50 kg of fruit, and sometimes even more than that. Fruits are used fresh for dessert, after bletting. They are also used in marmalades, mousses and jellies. In addition, fruit wine and rakia can be made from medlars too. The consumed fruits stimulate the endocrine glands and improve digestion. Peanuts: The overground part is green. Peanuts are collected in a specific manner. The bottom part has to be uprooted first and then to be separated from the green part. If it’s dry, then the seeds inside are ripe and ready to unearth. They get dried, so that the seeds can get dry and ready to consume. Although they are tasty while still green too. Peanust can be used for all sorts of things, but mostly for food, as seeds or as peanut butter (or its local variety, called “trahun”). They are an ingredient in wafer, chocolate and many other recipes. That’s it, basically. Peanuts are native to South America. More than 3500 years ago the Incas used to bury their dead with some peanuts, for food on their journey to the other world. Peanuts were brought to Europe from Asia, which determined their initial name – “Chinese walnut”. Peanuts are a new crop in Bulgarian agriculture. First reports of cultivation date back to 1896, but the crop gained practical importance no earlier than 1930s.
Peanuts are a new crop in Bulgarian agriculture. First reports of cultivation date back to 1896, but the crop gained practical importance no earlier than 1930s. At present there are approximately 15000 hectare of peanut plantations, most of which are in the Sadovo area.
but the crop gained practical importance no earlier than 1930s. At present there are approximately 15000 hectare of peanut plantations, most of which are in the Sadovo area. In general, peanut production in Bulgaria is concentrated in the Plovdiv region and the Blagoevgrad region. Fig: I’ve got a ripe fig. Fig trees grow I wetter climates. Their fruits like the Sun and ripen in summer. The fig tree is native to Southwest Asia. In Bulgaria it is most common at the Black Sea shore or the warmer southern areas. Fig fruits are used for consumption either fresh or dry. Green ones are used in jams and preserves. Fig fruits have medicinal applications too. Popular medicine recommends fig leaves as a remedy against coughs, stomach and gut pains. It’s a curious fact that ancient athletes used to consume bread, figs and grapes for the purpose of rapidly gaining weight.